(Section A 3a–3c)教学设计
短语: mountain climbing, the southwestern part of China, thick clouds, cover the top, risk one’s life, challenge oneself, achieve one’s dream，the forest of nature, try to do sth., the spirit of the climbers, many times more than
句子: k. com
What’s the highest mountain in the world?
How high is Qomolangma?
It’s 8,844.43 meters high. It’s higher than any other mountain.
Which is the deepest salt lake in the world?
The Caspian Sea is the deepest of all the salt lake.
Did you know that China is one of the oldest countries in the world?
Yes, I did. It’s much older than the US.
教具: 多媒体课件 录音机elwu
Step 1 Revision
Look at the photos. Answer the following questions.
Which is the highest mountain in the world?
Which is the longest river in Asia? …
Step 2 Learn the new words.
1. achievement n. 成就；成绩
e.g. We felt a great sense of achievement when we reached the top of the
2. achieve v. 达到；完成；成功
e.g. He will never achieve anything if he doesn’t work harder.
3. southwestern adj. 西南的d490；西南方向的
e.g. Is this Southwestern Airline? 这是西南航空公司吗？
4. include v. 包含；包括
e.g. Her hobbies include swimming and gardening. 她爱好游泳和园艺。
5. condition n. 条件；状况
e.g. The piano was in good condition. 这台钢0eh2琴状况良好。
6. take in 吸入；容纳
e.g. Fish take in oxygen through their gills. 鱼用鳃吸氧气。
7. succeed v. 实现目标；成功
e.g. If you try hard you’ll succeed. 你如果努力就会成功。
常用短e42q语：succeed in doing sth.
e.g. Police have finally succeeded in solving the mystery. 警察最终成功破解了这个疑7u5x案。
8. challenge v. & n. 挑战；考验
e.g. The job doesn’t really challenge him. 这项工作不能真正的x13r考验他。
The new government’s first challenge is the economy.
9. in the face of 面对（困难、问题等）
e.g. In the face of difficulties, he’s completely unafraid.
10. force n. 力；力量
e.g. The thief took the money from the old man by force.
Step 3 Pre-Read Talk below questions in pairs.
What do you know about Qomolangma ?
Is Qomolangma the most dangerous mountain in the world？
Step 4 Reading
Answers: 1. the most dangerous mountain 2. one of the world’s most dangerous sports 3. mountain climbing/climb mountains
4. the climbers from all over the world 5. run along the southwestern part of China 6. of all the mountains 7. thick clouds 8. more serious difficulties
9. freezing weather conditions and heavy storms 10. the first people to reach the top of Qomolangma
3a Read the article and match each paragraph with the main ideas.
Paragraph 1 spirit of climbers
Paragraph 2 achievements of climbers
Paragraph 3 facts and dangers
According to the passage, fill in the blanks.
One of the most ___________ sports in the world is mountain _________, and one of the most _________ places to go for this is the Himalayas. These extremely high _______ attract _________ from all over the world. Many people say this is one of the most ________ parts of the world. The Himalayas _______ along the ____________ border of china. Of all the peaks (tops), Qomolangma is the _________ and most _________. It’s _____________ to climb Qomolangma because thick clouds _______ the top of the mountain. Even more serious ___________ include the freezing ___________ conditions and the _______ storms. The first _________ to reach the top of Qomolangma – Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary – did it in 1953. The first Chinese climber __________ the top in 1960, and in 1975, the first __________ did it too.
Answers: dangerous, climbing, popular, risk, climbers, famous, runs, southwestern, highest, famous, the hardest, cover, difficulties, weather, heavy, people, reached, woman
Read the article again, and answer the following questions.
1. What a mountain is Himalayas?
It’s one of the most popular places for mountain climbing.
2. Why is it dangerous to climb Qomolangma?
Because thick clouds cover the top and snow can fall very hard.
3. When did the first Chinese reach the top of Qomolangma?
3b. Read the article again and complete the chart.
Paragraph 1 Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3
List tour dangers for climbers. List three achievements List tour comparisons
thick clouds 1953—Tenzing Norgay and Edmund Hillary were the first to reach the top Most dangerous sport
snow can fall very hard
heavy storms The first Chinese team reached the top in 1960.
The first woman to succeed was Junko Tabei from Japan in 1975. People can challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.
Never give up trying to achieve our dream.
Humans can be stronger than the forces of nature.
3c Answer the questions using information in the article.
1. Where are the Himalayas? In the southwestern part of China.
2. How high is Qomolangma? 8,844.43 meters high.
3. Why do so many people try to climb this mountain even though it is dangerous?
Because people want to challenge themselves in the face of difficulties.
4. What does the spirit of the climbers tell us?
We should never give up trying to achieve our dreams.
Step 5 Language points
One of the world’s most dangerous sports is mountain climbing, …
“one of + the + 形容词的最高级 + 复数名词”，意为“最……之一”。如：
Miss Wang is one of the most popular teachers in our school.
2. It is also very hard to take in air as you get near the top.
It is + adj. + to do sth.， it作形式4732主语放在句首，而把真正的x13r主语放在句尾。常用于1334此句型的形容词有important， difficult， dangerous， necessary， useful， possible等，用来对to do sth. 进行说明。此句型可以转换成To do sth. is + adj.。
e.g. It is important to study English well. 学好英32b5语很困难。
It’s very difficult to climb Qomolangma. 攀登珠穆朗玛峰17s9很难。
3. Even more serious difficulties include freezing weather conditions and heavy storms.
difficulty 既可作可数名词也可作不可592m31l5数名词。作可数名词时通常用复数，表示具066f体概念，即：各式各样的 “困难，难题，难事”，如：
He’s having financial difficulties.
She had great difficulty in understanding him. 她很难理解他说的话。
4. The spirit of these climbers shows us that we should never give up trying to achieve our dreams.
give up 意为“放弃”，后面可以接名词、代词或v-ing形式作宾语。
注意：如果其e307宾语是7ahw名词，那么名词可以放在 give 和 up 之间，也可以放在 up
之后；如果其e307宾语是7ahw代词，那么代词只能放在 give 和 up 之间。如：
My uncle wants to give up drinking wine. 我叔叔想戒酒。
Although English isn’t easy to learn, I won’t give it up.
5. Why do so many people try to climb this mountain even though it is dangerous?
even though 用作从3c7h属连词，意为“即使；尽管”，相当于even if，引导让步状语从句，一般不与并列连词but连用。如：
Mr. Wang will come on time even though it rains.
Step 6 Exercise
To make sentences using the information in the forms.
the Nile the Yangtze River the Yellow River
6,670 6,300 5,500
The Yellow River is long.
The Yangtze River is a lot _______ than the Yellow River.
The Nile is ______________ of all.
The Yangtze River is not ____ long ____ the Nile.
= The Yangtze River is not _______ than the Nile.
Answers: longer, the longest, as as, longer
Qomolangma Mount Huang Mount Tai
8,848 1,864 1,545
Mount Tai is high.
Mount Huang is a little _______ than Mount Tai.
Qomolangma is _____________ of all.
Mount Tai is not ___ high ___ Qomolangma.
= Mount Tai is not _______ than Qomolangma.
Answers: higher, the highest, as as, higher
Singapore Malaysia China
4,000,000 20,000,000 1300,000,000
1. The population of Singapore is large.
2. The population of Malaysia is much ______ than that of Singapore.
3. The population of China is _________ of all.
4. The population of Singapore is not _____ large ____ that of China.
5. The population of Singapore is not _______ than that of China.
Answers: larger, the largest, as as, larger
Step 7 Homework
Retell the article, and then preview the Grammar focus.
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